Brazil is South America’s largest and most influential country and takes up almost half the continent. Brazil’s landscape is as diverse as the people who inhabit it. Few tourists venture far from Brazil’s spectacular beaches but a trip into the interior reveals a different Brazil, one with a great deal to offer the visitor. As well as the world’s biggest rainforest in the Amazon, Brazil boasts many wilderness areas including the wildlife-rich wetlands of the Pantanal, the canyons and caves of the Chapada Diamentina, and the Mata Atlantica (Atlantic forest), which runs for much of the length of Brazil’s coastline.
The population of Brazil is a big melting pot of races, including indigenous people, descendants of slaves from Africa and the offspring of European immigrants. This variety is reflected in the food, architecture, music and culture of Brazil. It is this massive assortment of places, people and traditions that makes Brazil such an interesting country to visit. Brazil covers almost half of the South American continent and it is bordered to the north, west and south by all South American countries except Chile and Ecuador; to the east is the Atlantic. The country is topographically quite flat and at no point do the highlands exceed 3,000m (10,000ft). Over 60% of the country is a plateau; the remainder consists of plains.
The River Plate Basin (the confluence of the Parana and Uruguay rivers, both of which have their sources in Brazil) in the far south is more varied, higher and less heavily forested. North of the Amazon are the Guiana Highlands, partly forested, and partly stony desert. The Brazilian Highlands of the interior, between the Amazon and the rivers of the south, form a vast tableland. The Mato Grosso, from which rise mountains in the southwest, form a steep protective barrier from the coast called the Great Escarpment, breached by deeply cut river beds. The population is concentrated in the southeastern states of Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo. The city of Sao Paulo has a population of over 10.8 million, while over 6 million people live in the city of Rio de Janeiro.
We fly into the city of Manaus, the capital of Amazonas State, located in the northern part of Brazil. The city is situated on the Rio Negro, near its confluence with the Rio Solimoes (also known as the Amazon River), it’s the chief port and a hub for the region’s extensive river system and is a common point of departure for tourists visiting the rest of the Amazon region. From Manaus, we fly our guests on float planes deep into the Amazon basin, where you base for the week right in the heart of the best Peacock Bass fishing in the world